An integral way to think about remembering and memorialization is to look at the ways that the communities themselves recall, recollect, remember the Komagata Maru incident. Because South Asian communities are incredibly diverse, we can only anticipate diversity in the ways that the Komagata Maru incident is remembered.

There have been community publications dedicated to the Komagata Maru, such as Beyond the Komagata Maru: Race Relations Today (1990), published by the Progressive Indo-Canadian Community Services Society (now the Progressive Intercultural Community Services Society)¹ after a 1989 conference they had organized. In Toronto, Citizens for Foreign Aid Reform published The Komagata Maru Incident: A Canadian Immigration Battle Revisited in 1992.

The Punjabi magazine Watan dedicated one full issue to commemorating 75 years since the Komagata Maru incident, in 1989.²

The Khalsa Diwan Society has been engaged in the Komagata Maru incident from the very beginning – and has worked hard to remember, and encourage the memorialization of the incident over many decades. As mentioned on other pages within this section, they had a plaque established at their Gurdwara in 1989, and they have been granted funds through the Community Historical Recognition Program to establish a memorial and museum. The Khalsa Diwan Society has written and spoken about the Komagata Maru on numerous occasions – for example, their Centennial Souvenir document (2011) included a detailed article on the Komagata Maru.³

Inderjit Kohaly, one of the founders of the Indo-Canadian, a South Asian publication from British Columbia, embarked on an archival project in the early 1990s to document South Asian families who came to Canada between 1950 and 1950.4

The Komagata Maru Heritage Foundation is a non-profit organization based in British Columbia. They exist to memorialize the Komagata Maru incident through memory projects, books, films and documentaries. Most recently, they have acquired the Sea Lion, the tug ship that attempted to force the Komagata Maru to leave Vancouver Harbour on July 19, 1914. For more information, visit

Brown Canada is a community-led history project to encourage South Asian communities to create and document their histories in Canada creatively, through writing, video, interviews, art, theatre or other means. Our collective entry point for this project is through the Komagata Maru incident of 1914, when a ship of South Asian people was denied entry into Canada due to restrictive immigration policy known as the continuous journey regulation. Through this project, we will be creating an interactive website, offering educational & creative workshops, producing a short video as well as seeking to tour a short theatre piece to raise awareness of the incident and spark community dialogue within Ontario. For more information, visit

1 - Through Citizenship and Immigration Canada’s Community Historical Recognition Program, PICS received funding to revise and publish this book. See it
2 - As noted on page 26 in “Vancouver Sath” by Sadhu Bining, in Rungh: A South Asian Quarterly of Culture, Comment and Criticism, Volume 2, Number 1 &2, 1993. Retrieved from
3 - See
4 - As noted in an interview with Kohaly on page 21 in Rungh: A South Asian Quarterly of Culture, Comment and Criticism, Volume 2, Number 1 &2, 1993. Retrieved from